Sikhism is a type of religion that had its origins in india and developed between the doctrines and teachings of hinduism and islam. Either the page is no longer relevant or consensus on its purpose has become unclear. And the eternal guru is the sri guru granth sahib, which is a not just a book but contains the writings of each guru. Resolutions passed by this council carry spiritual sanction. Christianity vs sikhism difference and comparison diffen. Sikhism sikhism is the religious faith of those who call themselves sikhs, the followers of guru nanak, his nine successors and their teachings, embodied in the guru granth sahib, the sacred scripture of the sikhs. Sikhism is a unique religion with its own identity, rituals and beliefs. Sikhism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each guru added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous one. Its centre is in the holy city of aristae, where their sacred books are preserved and worshipped. No single voice can capture the full spectrum of religious disbelief in a. Popular sikhism books showing 150 of a history of the sikhs. Ernest trumpps insensitive approach such as treating the sikh scripture as a mere book and blowing cigar smoke over its pages while studying the text, did not endear him to the sikh granthis who worshipped it as an embodiment of the guru. Sikhism is a monotheistic faith formed in the fifteenth century by guru nanak dev ji.
Guru nanak devji was the first preacher of this faith followed by nine other sikh gurus, believed to be the messengers of god. In an effort to diminish the contemporary conflicts between the hindus and the muslims, he ended up becoming the founding patriarch of yet another circle of religious ideologies sikhism a child religion born from the wedlock between hinduism and islam. The religion of sikhism first developed in the punjab region of india. He was born in the village of talwandi, now called nankana sahib, near lahore in presentday pakistan. Sikhism is a practical religion and sikhs are a pragmatic people. Hinduism is an older religion, while sikhism was founded in the 15thcentury by guru nanak. It arrived earlier then i had expected and immediately idevelped an interest in reading it. Sikhism religion sikh religion history of sikhism sikh. As he was receiving them, he wrote them in his own hand. Sikhism does not support pilgrimage to holy sites because according to sikhism, god is everywhere and not in any certain place. The origins of sikhism may be traced to a part of punjab which is located in modern day pakistan where the sikhism faith originated with its founder first guru nanak dev in the early 1500s.
The religious practices were formalised by guru gobind singh ji on april 1699. The tenth guru then compiled all the teaching of gurus into the holy scripture known as guru granth sahib ji which presides as the eleventh guru of sikhs. But just as yoga is not a set of postures but a state of being the state of union with the one so the actual meaning of religion is to experience that state of being connected or tied to the one to our origin and our infinity. Sikhism, religion and philosophy founded in the punjab region of the indian subcontinent in the late 15th century. The traditions and philosophy of sikhism were made by ten gurus from 1469 to 1708. He was the first guru of the fifteenth century in the punjab region in the northern part of the indian subcontinent. It was a religion that was born out of the dissatisfaction of many. They honor this holy book as their living and perpetual guru as ordered by tenth guru guru gobind singh ji and accord it the same respect as they did their ten human gurus. Not only the whole of sikh philosophy, but the whole of sikh history and character, flows from this. The sri guru granth sahib also known as adi granth is more than a holy book for the sikhs. Beliefs of sikhism sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to keep god in heart and mind at all times, live honestly and work hard, treat everyone equally, be generous to the less fortunate, serve others.
When the word guru is capitalized it refers to the ten historical leaders of sikhism, to the sacred text the guru granth sahib adi granth and to god true guru. The history of sikhism started with guru nanak dev ji. The hymns included range from the omnipresence of nature and basic day to day lessons. Two sects, the nirankaris and the namdharis, or kuka sikhs, emerged in northwestern punjab during the latter part of ranjit singhs reign. The sikh faith began around 1500 ce, when guru nanak began teaching a faith that was quite distinct from hinduism and islam.
Sikhism does not see wealth or family as a hindrance to spiritual practice. Sikhism is an independent religion that emerged in the environment of hinduism and islam. From the origin of the nation to the battles of the sutlej paperback by. Mar 17, 2015 the ultimate source of authority and doctrine in sikhism is the sacred book, the adi granth.
Its implementation has successfully achieved a high level of uniformity in the religious and social practices of sikhism 3 throughout the world. One way that sikhs express this belief is by offering free communal meals to anyone who visits sikh. First book the sacred scripture of sikhism, a religion of india. Eleanor nesbitt looks at the founder of the sikh faith guru nanak, the. Comparison of the similarities and differences between sikhism and the other major religions in existance during the times of the gurus.
They follow the teachings of their ten masters called gurus and their holy book, called the guru granth sahib. Sikhism does not support pilgrimage to holy sites because according to sikhism, god is. Jun 20, 2019 sikhism is an independent religion that emerged in the environment of hinduism and islam. The sikh scripture is guru granth sahib, a book that sikhs consider a living guru. The main teachings of the guru granth sahib is the love of humanity. According to sikh tradition, sikhism was established by guru nanak 14691539 and subsequently led by a succession of nine other gurus. Sikhism was born in the punjab area of south asia, which now falls into the present day states of india and pakistan. Sikh men and women cover their heads most of the time to show respect to their gurus. Historians and specialists in eastern religions generally believe that sikhism is a syncretistic religion, originally related to the bhakti movement within hinduism and the sufi branch of islam, to which many independent beliefs and practices were added some sikhs believe that their religion is a repurification of hinduism. And the eternal guru is the sri guru granth sahib, which is a. Guru nanak dev believed in a supreme being and determined that all religions used different names for the.
His parents, mehta kalu and matta tripat, were hindus and belonged to the merchant caste. Sikhism is the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Sikhism condemns blind rituals such as fasting, visiting places of pilgrimage, superstitions, worship of the dead, idol worship etc. As for revealing the holy book, guru nanaks verses are the holy book. While christianity is about 2,000 years old, sikhism is a relatively newer religion that originated in the indian subcontinent in the fifteenth century. Brief summary of sikhism sikhiwiki, free sikh encyclopedia. If sikhism, is the true religion, how come it was created. This is one of the first and still one of the few comprehensive books about the sikh religion in the english language. Where did the religion of sikhism first developed in. Any human being who faithfully believes in i one immortal being, ii ten gurus, from guru nanak dev to guru gobind singh. Both religions are monotheistic but their rituals and practices are very different. Jainism and sikhism reading terms flashcards quizlet. This book also includes a list of the gurus of the religion and their date of birth as well as a time line of service to the sikh community. List of world religions and founders, religious books.
Introduction to sikhism by stephen bigger 1 grant me this boon, o god, from thy greatness. The teachings of guru nanak represent the basis of sikhism. Despite its pacifist roots, sikhism has come to be known as militant, which is unfortunate because such militancy stems largely from geographical issues outside of sikh control. Guru nanak 20 october 1469 7 may 1539 is the founder of sikhism and the first of the ten sikh gurus. It talks about how the sikh religion is a misinterpreted and beautiful religion. Guru arjan completed the establishment of amritsar as the capital of the sikh world, and compiled the first authorised book of sikh scripture, the. Didnt the guy who invented it just take all the good bits from islam and hinduism and formed it into his own religion ha i would say sikhism is a 100% false religion. In the event of disputes, a council is convened at the akal takht throne of the timeless, a building facing the harimandir temple in amritsar. Sikhs believe in one god and do not practice idolworship andor racism. This page is currently inactive and is retained for historical reference. Quotes from sri guru granth sahib as well as biographies of famous sikh women. The colonialera missionary ernest trumpp criticized sikhism for its incoherent scripture that its followers do not understand. O my mind, thou art the spark of the supreme light.
The religion was founded around the 15 th century by guru nanak. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. During the l960s and l970s, a number of sikhs abandoned the outward form of their faith the long hair. Aidan inkster location and origin started in india founder guru nanak teachings the faith system is based on the teachings of guru nanak dev and ten. One way that sikhs express this belief is by offering free communal meals to. In 1604 he installed the adi granth for the first time as the holy book of the sikhs. To revive discussion, seek broader input via a forum such as the village pump. This is the nonreligious channel at patheos, home of smart, engaging commentary across the full range of freethought. This was at a time when india was being torn apart by castes, sectarianism, religious factions, and fanaticism. Macauliffe had extensive access to manuscripts of the sikh sacred writings the granth, as well as support from sikh scholars and leaders of the time.
It is a doctrine that believes in one god and in the teachings of his gurus which are kept in his sacred book. Sikhism preaches that people of different races, religions, or sex are all equal in the eyes of god. Singhs work remains one of the most accessible and researched books on the history and evolution of the sikh community. However they have readers and singers in their temples. Jan 02, 2020 the sikh holy book, the adi granth, took his place as indicated by its alternate name, guru granth. Sikhism diffen philosophy religion sikhism while christianity is about 2,000 years old, sikhism is a relatively newer religion that originated in the indian subcontinent in the fifteenth century. The basic postulate of sikhism is that life is not sinful in its origin, but having emanated from a pure source, the true one abides in it. In fact it demands that they use ordinary life as a way to get closer to god. Sikhism, founded about 500 years ago, is a religion which comes from the word sikh which, in sanskrit, means a disciple or a student. Sikhs are encouraged to live and contribute to society and apply a spiritual consciousness to everything they do. Image caption the lion of punjab maharaja ranjit singh, leader of the sikh kingdom. Sikhism does not have a clergy class as it considers this as a gateway to corruption. May 07, 2008 i must say this book the sikh religionby max arthur mccauliffe is a marvellous book.
It is not divine in origin, and it has not been ordained by god in any way. The religion of the sikhs by dorothy field, paperback. The dasam granth is a scripture of sikhs which contains texts attributed to the guru gobind singh. The sikhs by patwant singh is a detailed overview of sikh history and tradition that reads like a captivating story.
This illustrated book gives an introduction of the religion of sikhism, the fifth largest religion in the world. Sikhism or sikhi is a monotheistic religion that originated in the punjab region of the indian. The gurdwara is still however set up as though a human guru is in residence that is the book is treated as the human gurus may have been in their day. In addition to the orthodox, there are several sikh sects, four of which are particularly important. Sikhism has been criticized for various reasons by non sikhs and some scholars, but sikhs and other scholars find these criticism to be flawed and based on poor understanding or common to all religions. Sikhism what is, history, founder, characteristics. Sikhism doesnt ask people to turn away from ordinary life to get closer to god. Warriors martial history explored in new book bbc news. The emphasis is on a leading a worldly, successful life as a householder and a contributing member of society, but with the mind attuned to an awareness of god. The word sikh in the punjabi language means disciple, sikhs are the disciples of god who follow the writings and teachings of the ten sikh gurus. Guru nanak dev ji along with the following nine gurus were sent by god himself to deliver his message. The name sikh signifies disciple, and in later times the strict observants or elect were called the khalsa.
Whats the difference between christianity and sikhism. Sikhism rejects all distinctions based on caste, creed, gender, color, race, or national origin. Both religions have major differences but also share some philosophical concepts such as karma, dharma, mukti, maya and sa. Sikhism is open to all through the teachings of its 10 gurus enshrined in the sikh holy book and living guru, sri guru granth sahib. He established the kartarpur the town of the creator in 1520and gathered the sikh community there. Sikhism quotes 16 quotes share book recommendations. The sikhs fought against the great mughals between the 17th and 18th centuries and created their state in the punjab 1765 1849, india. The sikh holy book, the adi granth, took his place as indicated by its alternate name, guru granth. Born into a hindu family living in the village of talwandi of punjab, now modern day nankana sahib of pakistan, guru nanak began to question the rituals that he observed going around him from an early age. Sikhs believe that all humans are equal, regardless of gender, religion, race, or ethnicity. Nanak was believed to have been summoned by god to found and spread a new religion, that ideally would create an obedient, equal, and pure society. Sep 24, 2009 sikhism doesnt ask people to turn away from ordinary life to get closer to god. Sikhism was founded in the punjab by guru nanak in the 15th century ce and is a monotheistic religion.
To most of us a religion is set of beliefs and practices. Ppt sikhism powerpoint presentation free to download. Formed in the 15th century, sikhism is a monotheistic faith. Immediately download the sikhism summary, chapterbychapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more everything you need for studying or teaching sikhism.
This is in contrast to the asceticism and rejection of worldly life to. The main religions of the area at the time were hinduism and islam. Hinduism and sikhism are dharmic religions that originated in the indian subcontinent. Oct 02, 2009 sikhism was founded in the punjab by guru nanak in the 15th century ce and is a monotheistic religion. The teachings of these gurus were compiled into a holy book called the guru granth sahib ji, the eleventh guru ofsikhism, by the tenth guru of the religion. It is a collection of nearly 6000 hymns of the sikh gurus religious leaders and various early and medieval saints of different religions. Aug 06, 2012 sikhs believe that all humans are equal, regardless of gender, religion, race, or ethnicity.
Aug 06, 2012 sikhism is the fifth largest religion in the world. The mystic branches, bhakti hindu and sufi islamic, holy men influenced him. Sikhs are known for their courage, hard work, peace and harmony. Sikhs think religion should be practised by living in the world and coping with lifes. Sikhism the history the history of sikhism begins with nanak, a son of the rulerwarrior caste, who lived from 14691538 and was born in northern india. The adi granth, while not worshiped, is ascribed divine status. In 1606, for refusing to make changes to the guru granth sahib. They follow the teachings of their ten masters called gurus and. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of god at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. Sikhism core beliefs and values some of the basic beliefs of the sikhism religion are.88 364 264 1330 308 294 230 1315 1296 1006 1446 214 51 1339 1258 929 140 1071 210 1196 1290 92 1156 283 483 737 1293 753 161 1426 523 519 766 1514 458 465 1536 569 1333 1239 1086 1404 1302 7 926 683 1069